THE LIVING COMPOSERS PROJECT  

Manuel de Elías

(b. 5 June 1939, Mexico City).

Mexican composer of mostly stage, orchestral, chamber, choral, vocal, and piano works that have been performed throughout the Americas and in Europe; he is also active as a conductor.

Mr. de Elías initially studied composition, music theory and piano with his father Alfonso de Elías (b. 1902 – d. 1984), then studied early music and recorder with Roberto Rivera, organ with Juan Bosco Correro and violin with Daniel Saloma. He later studied cello with Sally van den Berg at the Escuela Nacional de Música of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in Mexico City and attended a workshop in composition with Carlos Chávez at the Conservatorio Nacional de Música in Mexico City. He also attended classes in electronic music with Jean-Étienne Marie in 1967–68 and classes in contemporary music with Karlheinz Stockhausen in 1968, as well as classes in conducting with Edgard Doneux, Luis Herrera de la Fuente and Ernst Huber-Contwig and classes in piano with Bernard Flavigny and Gerhard Kämper. He studied at the Departamento de Filosofía of the Universidad de Guanajuato in the late 1960s.

Among his honours are the Medalla Mozart in Mexico (1991), the Premio Nacional de Ciencias y Artes in Mexico (1992), the selected work at the Tribuna Musical de América Latina y el Caribe (1995, for Sonante No. 11, 'Bosquejos de una ofrenda'), and the Diploma al Mérito Artístico from the Instituto Superior de Arte in Havana (2001, for his œuvre). He has been a member of the Sociedad Mexicana de Musicología in Mexico City since 1990, an Académico de Número of the Academia de Artes de México in Mexico City since 1991 and a member of the Sistema Nacional de Creadores del Fondo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes (FONCA) in Mexico City since 1993, now emeritus. He has also been a member of the Consejo Consultivo of the Festival Internacional Cervantino in Guanajuato since 2001 and has been an honorary member of the Unión Nacional de Escritores y Artistas de Cuba in Havana since 2001.

As a conductor, he served as assistant director of the Orquesta Sinfónica de la Universidad de Guanajuato from 1964–68, as assistant to Luis Herrera de la Fuente at the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional in Mexico City in 1968 and as assistant to Edgard Doneux at the Orchestre de Chambre de la RTB from c. 1969–75. He later served as artistic director of the Orquesta de Cámara del Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes in Mexico City from 1984–86. He reorganised the Orquesta Filarmónica de Jalisco in 1988 and served as its conductor from 1988–90.

He is also active in other positions. He sang as a chorister in the Sociedad Musical Mozart in Mexico as a child and worked as a pianist from the mid-1950s–late 1960s. He founded the Orchestra de Camera Santa Cecilia in Mexico in 1959, the chamber orchestra Amigos de la Música in Mexico in 1960 and the Departamento de Música of the Universidad de Guanajuato in 1965, where he founded the Grupo Experimental de Música de Cámara in 1965 and served as its director. In addition, he was a member of the Grupo Proa for avant-garde composers in Mexico in the mid-1960s, worked at the Computer Music Center of Columbia University in 1974, founded the Centros de Iniciación Musical Infantil at the Universidad Veracruzana in 1975, founded the Coro de la Universidad Veracruzana in 1975, served as director-general of the Área Académica de Artes at the Universidad Veracruzana from 1982–84, and served as director of the Coordinación Nacional de Música y Ópera at the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes in Mexico City from 1991–93. He later founded the Consejo Mexicano de la Música in Mexico City in 1995 and served as its president from 1995–98. He was a founding member of the Colegio de Compositores Latinoamericanos de Música de Arte in 2000.

Mr. de Elías taught chamber music, composition and piano at the Escuela de Música of the Universidad de Guanajuato from c. 1964–69. He later undertook an academic reform at the Conservatorio de Las Rosas in Morelia in 1990 and served as its director-general in 1990–91.

CONTACT INFORMATION

E-mail address: manueldeelias@gmail.com

Website: http://www.colegiocompositores-la.org/en/bio.asp?id=35

COMPLETE LIST OF WORKS

STAGE:

Jahel (ballet music), piano 4 hands, 1964 (also version for orchestra, 1967)

la vida es sueño (incidental music, play by Pedro Calderón de la Barca), 1965

La Lacune (incidental music, play by Eugène Ionesco), 1966

A la Seca (incidental music, play by Armando Olivares), children's chorus, 1966

Medea (incidental music, play by Euripides), 1981

PoslednieThe Last Ones (incidental music, play by Maxim Gorky), 1982

La Ley de Creon (incidental music, play by Olga Hármony), 1983

ORCHESTRAL:

Danza, piano, string orchestra, 1957

Estampas infantiles, youth string orchestra, 1959

Sinfonietta, 1958–61

Vitral No. 1, small orchestra (12 players), 1962

Guanajuato, 1964

In Memory of Ben Selekman, small orchestra, 1967

Elegía heroica, 1967

Speculamen, string orchestra, 1967 (version of work for 2 violins, 2 violas, 2 cellos, double bass)

Vitral No. 3, 1969

Sonante No. 1, 1970 (lost)

Sonante No. 2, 1971

Sonante No. 4, 1971 (lost)

Sonante No. 5, 1972

Sonante No. 6, 'Homenaje de Neruda', string orchestra, 1973 (also version for 2 violins, viola, cello, double bass)

Concertante, violin, orchestra, 1973

Sonante No. 3, youth orchestra, 1974

Sonante No. 7, 1974

Concertante, piano, orchestra, 1975 (incomplete)

Sonante No. 8, 1977

Sonante No. 9, 1978

Adagio, string orchestra, 1983

Balada concertante, trombone, 4 percussion, string orchestra, 1983

Lírica breve, piano, timpani, string orchestra, 1984

Mictlán-Tlatelolco, string orchestra, 1985–86

Cartas de primavera, string orchestra, 1986

Poema, string orchestra, 1988

Concierto, cello, orchestra, 1990

Concierto de cámara, viola, percussion, string orchestra, 1992

Sinfonía para los más jóvenes, 1993

Resonancias cardenches, small orchestra, 1994

Introducción y Adagio sostenuto, small orchestra, 1994

Sonante No. 11, 'Bosquejos de una ofrenda', 1995

Mutatis Mutandis, flute, 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 French horns, string orchestra, 1999

Concierto Coyoacanense, guitar, orchestra, 1999

Sonante No. 12, 2001–02

Conmemoraciones, 2003

Meditativo y tema variado, small orchestra, 2003

Concierto, piano, orchestra, 2006

Divertimento Concertante en tres movimientos encadenados, small orchestra, 2006

Enigmas Rugelianos, 2007

CHAMBER MUSIC:

Movimiento, violin, piano, 1956

Suite de miniaturas, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 1957

Humoresca, flute, oboe, clarinet, 1957

Tres Danzas, recorder, 1960–61

Tres Movimientos breves, 4 recorders, 1962

Preludio, viola, piano, 1962

Elegía, viola, piano, 1962

Preludio, viola, 1962

Fantasía, cello, 1962

Elegía, clarinet, 1962

Impresiones sobre una Estampa Colonial, 2 alto recorders, tenor recorder, violin, viola, cello, harpsichord, timpani, 1962–63

Divertimento, 10 percussion, 1963

Ciclos elementarios, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, 1965

Diálogo, cello, piano, 1965

Cuarteto de cuerdas No. 1, 'Trágico', string quartet, 1967

Speculamen, 2 violins, 2 violas, 2 cellos, double bass, 1967 (also version for string orchestra)

Sonata No. 1, violin, 1968

Experiencias No. 3, any 5 improvisational players, 1968

Aforismo I, flute, 1968

Nimyé, flute, 1969

Sonata No. 2, violin, 1969

Parámetros No. 1, synthesizer, 1971

Sonante No. 6, 'Homenaje de Neruda', 2 violins, viola, cello, double bass, 1973 (version of work for string orchestra)

Juego a cinco, bassoon, French horn, 2 trumpets, percussion, 1975

Sine nomine, piano, string quartet, 1975

Preludio, violin, 1975

Preludio, viola, 1976

Aforismo, double bass, 1976

To play playing, flute, 1976

Imago, clarinet, 1977

Tla oc toncuicacan, 2 recorders, percussion, echo chamber ad libitum, 1980

Concertante a doce, flute, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, French horn, 2 trumpets, 2 trombones, timpani, 1983

Interpolaciones, flute, clarinet, bassoon, French horn, trumpet, trombone, 1983

Aria olvidada y variación, oboe, 1983

Concertante a cinco, flute, oboe, violin, cello, piano, 1986

Aforismo 'a Manuel Enríquez', violin, 1986

Juego a dos, flute, bassoon, 1987

Introducción, fanfarria y danza, French horn, 2 trumpets, trombone, tuba, 3 percussion ad libitum, 1987

Monólogo, violin, 1989

Praeludium, violin, 1989

Fax music 1, flute, 1990

Fax music 2, piccolo, 1990

Fax music 3, alto flute, 1990

Fax music 4, oboe, 1990

Fax music 5, English horn, 1990

Fax music 6, oboe d'amore, 1990

Tri-neos (trio no. 1), clarinet, bassoon, piano, 1991

Wendyana, bassoon, piano, 1992

Diálogo fantástico para doce cuerdas, 2 guitars, 1992

Siete Preludios, guitar, 1955–93

Pensamiento, flute, 1994

Tríptico, 'Homenaje a Shostakovich', cello, 1995

Tri-tonos (trio no. 2), clarinet, bassoon, piano, 1996

Homérica, cello, 1996

Música a Siete, flute (+ piccolo, alto flute), clarinet (+ E-flat clarinet), violin, viola, cello, piano, timpani, 1996

Lectura, B-flat trumpet, 1997

Volátil, piccolo, 2002

Músicas Místicas y Festivas (Imaginario), French horn, 2 trumpets, trombone, tuba, 2005

Paloescrito (Preludio No. 8), guitar, 2005

Preludio No. 9, guitar, 2007

Praeludium, viola, 2008

Sinergias, violin, viola, cello, piano, 2009

Preludio No. 10, guitar, 2010

Ex æquo, portative organ, harpsichord, 2011

CHORAL:

Pequeños corales (texts from the Book of Psalms), mixed chorus, 1954

Villancico (text by the composer), mixed chorus, 1956

Canción de Navidad (text by the composer), female chorus, piano/organ, 1958

Credo, mixed chorus, 1962

Aforismo (text by Rabindranath Tagore), mixed chorus, 1963

Pájaros perdidos (text by Rabindranath Tagore), mixed chorus, 1963

Kyrie y Gloria, mixed chorus, 1966

Memento (text by Armando Olivares), speaker, mixed chorus, 4 recorders, string orchestra, 1967

Ludus (text by the composer), 3 mixed choruses, 1972–73

Obertura-Poema (text by Nezahualcóyotl), soprano, tenor, mixed chorus, organ, symphonic band, 1975

Primero Sueño (text by Juana Inés de la Cruz), soprano, baritone, 2 speakers, 2 mixed choruses, orchestra, 1976

Los Cuatro Gatos (text from a popular round for children), 2 children's voices, children's chorus, 3 soprano recorders, melodica, 2 metallophones, 2 xylophones, any number of percussion, youth orchestra, 1977

Estro 1 y 2 (text by Juana Inés de la Cruz), mixed chorus, 1978

A voces, mixed chorus, 1982–83

Sonante No. 10 (text by Nezahualcóyotl), mixed chorus, orchestra, 1984

Antífonas Profanas (text by Juan Rulfo), mixed chorus, 4 French horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, 2 percussion, 1993 (also version for mixed chorus, organ, 2004)

Expresiones fugitivas (text by the composer), mixed chorus, 1987–94

Meditativo (text by the composer), mixed chorus, organ, 1999

VOCAL:

Las Erupciones (text by Salvador Díaz Mirón), alto, piano, 1959

Empiria, voice, 4 recorders, 1966

Pneuma (text by Gustavo Bossert), baritone, flute, oboe, French horn, cello, prepared piano (2 players), 1967

Misa de Consagración (text by the composer), mezzo-soprano, organ, orchestra, 1970

Siete Canciones para niños (text by the composer), soprano, piano, 1988

Canciones del ocaso (text by the composer), mezzo-soprano, piano, 1988 (also version for mezzo-soprano, orchestra, 1992)

Vocalise, baritone, 1994

Arrullo íntimo (text by the composer), mezzo-soprano, celesta, crotales, 1998

Salmodia, mezzo-soprano, 2003

Foi mudando, mudando (cantata breve, text by Jorge de Lima), baritone, soprano saxophone (+ bass saxophone), piano, percussion, 2003–04

PIANO:

Motivos infantiles, 1956

Nocturno, 1957

Vals triste, 1957

Tres Hojas de álbum, 1957

Preguntas y respuestas, 1958

Sonata breve, 1958

Preludio, 1961

Cinco Preludios, 1955–62

Nocturno, 1962

Pastoral, 1966

Ronda, 1966

Microestructuras, 1966

Melodía, 1966

Un Pretexto y veinte abstracciones, 1967

Quimeras No. 1, 2 pianos, 1969

Sonante No. 1, 1970

Quimeras No. 2, 2 pianos, 1973

Quimeras No. 3, 2 pianos, 1974

Pequeño vals para una línea y un piano, 1975

Dos Pequeños estudios, 1977

Veinticuatro Aforismos, 1987

A manera de enhorabuena, 2001

ORGAN:

Preludio elegíaco, 1958

Canción de cuna, 1960

Kaleidoscopio I, 1969

Kaleidoscopio II, 1973

Kaleidoscopio III, 1974

Ecce Lignum Crucis, 1990

Mutaciones, 1995 (version of work for harpsichord)

Tema quasi preludio, 1996

Ludus Guanajuatensis, Baroque organ, 2002

HARPSICHORD:

Mutaciones, 1977 (also version for organ)

ELECTROACOUSTIC:

Vitral No. 2, fixed media, 1967

Pro pax, fixed media, 1968

Aforismo II, fixed media, 1968

Non Nova Sed Novo, fixed media, 1974

DIDACTIC MUSIC:

Canción Indígena, violin, piano ad libitum, 1982

Alfa, string orchestra, 1996

FILM SCORE (DIRECTOR):

Techos, small orchestra, 1976 (unknown)

MULTIMEDIA/PERFORMANCE:

Secuencias urbanas, specially-designed fountains, 1973

ARRANGEMENTS:

Suite de 'Música acuática' (Water Music, HWV 348–50 by George Frideric Handel), small orchestra, 1973

Nobody knows the trouble I've seen (spiritual from the USA), mixed chorus, 1978

Psyché (César Franck), orchestra, 1979

Navidad Michoacana (7 folk pieces from Michoacán), children's chorus, 1990

Melodía and Pastoral (Alfonso de Elías), violin, orchestra, 1991 (also version for violin, string orchestra, 1993)

Román népi táncokRomanian Folk Dances, Sz 56 (Béla Bartók), 2 oboes, 2 French horns, string orchestra, 1993

Misa Santa Cecilia (Ramiro Luis Guerra), mixed chorus, orchestra, 1993

Dos Madrigales (Alfonso de Elías), soprano, string orchestra, 1994

Verklärte Nacht, Op. 4 (Arnold Schoenberg), flute, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 French horns, string orchestra, 1997

Cinco Canciones para niños (Silvestre Revueltas), guitar, string orchestra, 1999

Balada Mexicana (Manuel María Ponce), orchestra, 2006

Tanguitis (Alfredo Rugeles), orchestra, 2007

Carnaval, Op. 9 (Robert Schumann), orchestra, 2007

Tres Obras póstumas para piano (Gerhart Münch), string orchestra, 2007

Bagatelles, Op. 5 (Alexander Tcherepnin), orchestra, 2008

L'Isle joyeuse (Claude Debussy), orchestra, 2008

Sonate en sol mineur, Op. 65 (Fryderyk Chopin), orchestra, 2010