T he Living Composers Project  

Zhou Long (b. July 8, 1953, Beijing). Chinese-born American composer of mostly orchestral, chamber and vocal works that have been performed throughout the world.

Mr. Zhou studied piano as a child, but the Cultural Revolution interrupted his musical progress in 1966. He later studied composition with Wu Zu-qiang at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing from 1977-83. He then studied composition with Chou Wen-chung and Mario Davidovsky at Columbia University and there earned his DMA in 1993.

His honors include First prizes in the Ensemblia in Mönchengladbach (1990, for Ding [Samadhi]), d'Avray (France, 1991, for Dhyana), Barlow (1994, for Tian Ling), and Masterprize (1998, for Two Poems from Tang) competitions, as well as many earlier prizes in national competitions in China. Most recently, he received the Adventurous Programming Award from ASCAP (1999, for Music from China), a Grammy Award (1999, for the Teldec CD of his Words of the Sun and works by other composers) and the Academy Award in Music for lifetime achievement from the American Academy of Arts and Letters (2003). He has also received fellowships from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, the Guggenheim and Rockefeller foundations and the National Endowment for the Arts and various grants. Numerous ensembles, orchestras and organizations in China, Germany, Ireland, Japan, the UK, and the USA have commissioned him.

Mr. Zhou is also active in other positions. He served as composer-in-residence to the National Broadcasting Symphony Orchestra of China from 1983-85 and as the Music Alive! composer-in-residence to the Silk Road Project Festival of the Seattle Symphony Orchestra in 2002. In addition, he currently serves as artistic director of the ensemble Music from China in New York City.

He is the Visiting Professor of Composition at the University of Missouri at Kansas City. He has also taught as a Visiting Professor at Brooklyn College and Memphis University and has given composition lectures and masterclasses at universities in China and throughout the USA.

He has lived in the USA since 1985 and is married to the composer Chen Yi.

Oxford University Press publishes his music.


E-mail address: Zhoulong@aol.com

Website (Music from China): http://www.musicfromchina.org

Website (publisher): http://www.oup.co.uk/music/repprom/zhoulong/


STAGE: Dong Shi (ballet), large orchestra, 1983; Sheng Sheng Man (incidental music for a dance show, text by Li Qing-zhao), soprano, Chinese ensemble, 1989; Flying to Heaven/Butterfly (dance music), tape, 1994; Hidden Voices (dance music), 4 players, tape, 1994

ORCHESTRAL: Fisherman's Song (symphonic poem), large orchestra, 1981; Guang Ling San Symphony, large orchestra, 1983; King Chu Doffs His Armour, pipa, orchestra, 1991; Da Qu, percussion, large orchestra, 1991 (also version for percussion, Chinese orchestra, 1991); Tian Ling, pipa, small orchestra (14 players), 1992; Beijing Drum (formerly Peking Drum), pipa, orchestra, 1994; Poems from Tang, string quartet, large orchestra, 1995 (version of work for string quartet; third and fourth movements may be performed separately as Two Poems from Tang); Concerto, saxophone, orchestra, 1999-2000; Out of Tang Court, pipa, zheng (Chinese zither), erhu, orchestra, 1999-2000; The Rhyme of Taigu, large orchestra, 2003; The Immortal, large orchestra, 2004

CHAMBER MUSIC: Song of the Ch'in, string quartet, 1982 (also incorporated into both versions of Poems from Tang); Valley Stream, di zi (Chinese bamboo flute), guanzi (Chinese oboe), zheng, percussion, 1983; Taiping Drum, violin, piano, 1983; Su, flute, huqin (bowed Chinese instrument), 1984 (also version for flute, harp/pipa, 1990); Green, di zi, pipa, 1984 (also version for flute/shakuhachi [bamboo flute], pipa, 2001); Triptych of Bell-Drum Music, percussion, 1984; The Moon Rising High, pipa, ensemble (di zi, yangqin [plucked Chinese instrument], zheng, erhu, daruan [bass Chinese plucked instrument], percussion), 1986; HengEternity, di zi, pipa, yangqin, zheng, erhu, percussion, 1987; Soul, string quartet, 1987; Ding (Samadhi), clarinet, zheng, double bass, 1988 (also version for clarinet, double bass, percussion, 1990); Variations on 'A Poetess' Lament', Chinese ensemble, tape, 1989; Dhyana, flute, clarinet, violin, cello, piano, 1990; You Lan, erhu, piano, 1991; Wu Ji, zheng, piano, percussion, 1991 (version of piano work; also versions for harp, piano, percussion, 1991; piano, percussion, 2000); Soul, pipa, string quartet, 1992; Secluded Orchid, violin, cello, piano, 1992 (also version for pipa, erhu, cello, percussion, 2000); Wild Grass, cello, 1993 (also version for viola, 1993); Five Maskers, French horn, 2 trumpets, trombone, tuba, 1994; The Ineffable, flute (+ piccolo), pipa, zheng, violin, cello, percussion, 1994 (also version for flute, zheng, percussion, 1994)

CHAMBER MUSIC: The Ineffable II, 2 di zi, cello, 2 percussion, 1995; Poems from Tang, string quartet, 1995 (also version for string quartet, large orchestra); Metal, Stone, Silk, Bamboo, di zi, flute (+ piccolo), clarinet (+ bass clarinet), violin, cello, percussion, 1996; Sizhu, Silk and Bamboo, di zi, xun (Chinese clay flute), viola, cello, 1996; Tales from the Cave, huqin, 4 percussion, 1998; Spirit of Chimes, violin, cello, piano, 1999; Rites of Chimes, cello, Chinese ensemble, 2000; Partita, violin, piano, 2000; Harmony, string quartet, 2003; Taigu Rhyme, clarinet, violin, cello, 3 percussion, 2003; The Five Elements, flute (+ piccolo, claves), A-clarinet (+ claves), violin, cello, piano, percussion, 2003 (also version for di zi, clarinet, pipa, erhu, cello, percussion, 2003); Mount a Long Wind, di zi, pipa, zheng, erhu, percussion, 2004

CHORAL: Words of the Sun (text by Ai Qing [translated by the composer]), mixed chorus, 1982, revised 1997; Two Poems, mixed chorus, 1997 (version of two sections of Shi Jing Cantata); The Future of Fire, children's/mixed chorus, large orchestra, 2001

VOCAL: Ballade of the Sea (song-cycle, text by Tuo Huang), soprano, piano, 1979; Green (vocalise), soprano, pipa, 1984 (also version for soprano, guitar, 1991); Li Sao Cantata (text by Qu Yuan), soprano, small orchestra (14 players), 1988; A Poetess' Lament, soprano, pipa, erhu, zheng, 1989, revised 2000; Shi Jing Cantata (text from The Book of Songs [English translation]), soprano, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, piano, string quartet, double bass, 1990 (also version of two sections as Two Poems, mixed chorus); Pipa Ballad (text by Bai Ju-yi), soprano, pipa, cello, 1991; Konghou Fantasia (text by Li He), soprano, pipa, zheng, erhu, string orchestra, 1995; Emperor's New Suit (text by Yan Li), baritone, piano, 2001

PIANO: Wu Kui, 1983; Wu Ji, piano, tape, 1987 (also versions for piano, zheng, percussion; harp, piano, percussion; piano, percussion)

ARRANGEMENT: Chinese Folk Songs, string quartet, 1998 (also version for string orchestra, 2004)


Valley Stream; Green (instrumental work; original version); Song beneath the Moon; Su (original version); Triptych of Bell-Drum Music. Chen Tao, Wang Ci-heng, di zi; Bao Ji-an, Hu Zhi-hou, guan; Han Guo-liang, flute; Wu Man, pipa; Huang He, yangqin; Li Meng, zheng; Wu Wen-guang, huqin; He Jian-guo, Li Zhen-gui, percussion (China Record Corporation: CRC RL-29, 1984)

Guang Ling San Symphony; Fisherman's Song; Dong Shi. Bian Zu-shan, Shao En, Yao Guan-rong/Central Philharmonic Orchestra of China (China Record Corporation: AL-52, 1986)

King Chu Doffs His Armour. Zhang Hong-yan/Shanghai Symphony Orchestra (Shanghai Audio and Video Company: CD 0020, 1994)

Song of the Ch'in. Shanghai String Quartet (Delos: DE 3162, 1994)

Tian Ling; Su (second version); Wu Ji (second version); Ding (Samadhi) (second version); Dhyana. Barbara Siesel, flute; Allen Blustine, clarinet; Victoria Drake, harp; Wu Man, pipa, zheng; Victor Kioulaphides, double bass; Gwendolyn Mok, piano; Frank Cassara, Erik Charlston, percussion; Efrain Guigui/Composers Conference Ensemble; Donald Palma/Speculum Musicae (CRI: 679, 1994)

Li Sao Cantata. Lan Rao, soprano; Mak Ka Lok/Russian Philharmonic Orchestra (Hugo, 1995)

Two Poems from Tang. Daniel Harding/London Symphony Orchestra (BBC Music Magazine: 67, 1998)

Two Poems from Tang. Daniel Harding/London Symphony Orchestra (EMI Classics: 72826, 1998)

Chinese Folk Songs; Poems from Tang; Soul (second version). Min Xiao-fen, pipa; Shanghai String Quartet (Delos: DE 3233, 1998)

The Ineffable; Wild Grass; Five Maskers; Ding (Samadhi) (original version); Metal, Stone, Silk, Bamboo. Allen Blustine, clarinet; Gregory D. Evans, French horn; Kevin Cobb, Wayne J. du Maine, trumpets; Thomas Hutchinson, trombone; Stephen Foreman, tuba; Fred Sherry, cello; Donald Palma, double bass; Claire Heldrich/Chen Tao, di zi; David Fedele, flute, piccolo; Jean Kopperud, clarinet, bass clarinet; Min Xiao-fen, pipa; Ann Yao, zheng; Thomas Chiu, Laura Park, violins; Chris Finckel, Joshua Gorden, celli; William Trigg, percussion (Cala: CACD 77008, 1998)

Green (vocal work; original version). Min Xiao-fen, soprano, pipa (Avant: AVAN 021, 1998)

Words of the Sun. Chanticleer (Teldec: 24570, 1999)

Su (second version). Susan Glaser, flute, Emily Mitchell, harp (Koch/Schwann: 7497, 2000)

Out of Tang Court. Shui Lan/Singapore Symphony Orchestra (BIS: 1222, 2002)

Shi Jing Cantata; Pipa Ballad; Konghou Fantasia; A Poetess' Lament; Green (vocal work; original version); Li Sao Cantata. Lan Rao, soprano (Cala: CACD 77009, 2003)

Da Qu (original version). Evelyn Glennie, percussion; Shui Lan/Singapore Symphony Orchestra (BIS: 1322, 2003)

Tales from the Cave; Heng; Valley Stream; Secluded Orchid (second version); The Five Elements (second version). Music from China (Delos: DE 3335, 2004)

(Last updated on October 6, 2004)

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